Glimpses of the Nahj al-Balaghah


Introduction
The first part of Martyr Mutahhari's book Sayri dar Nahj al-Balaghah.
Nahj al-Balaghah and the Present-day Islamic Society

PART I - Marvellous Book
A Literary Marvel
Al-Sayyid Al-Radi and the Nahj al-Balaghah
Two Distinctive Characteristics
Literary Beauty and Elegance
Influence of 'Ali's Oratory
The Opinions of Ancient and Modern Scholars
Modern Perspectives
The Nahj al-Balaghah Among Literary Classics
'Ali's Versatility
The Themes of the Nahj al-Balaghah
A Glance at the Varied Problems Covered by the Nahj al-Balaghah


PART II - Theology and Metaphysics
One of the fundamental issues dealt with in the Nahj al-Balaghah relates to theological and metaphysical problems.
Theology and Metaphysics of the Nahj al-Balaghah
A Bitter Fact
Shi'i Rationalism
Philosophical Notions Concerning Metaphysics
The Value of Study of the Natural Phenomena
Purely Rationalistic Problems
The Divine Essence and Attributes
The Divine Essence
Divine Unity an Ontological, not a Numerical Concept
God, the First and the Last; the Manifest and the Hidden
An Appraisal
The Nahj al-Balaghah and the Notions of Kalam
The Nahj al-Balaghah and Philosophical Concerns
The Nahj al-Balaghah and Western Philosophic Thought


PART III - Suluk and 'Ibadah
'Ibadah, or service, of the One God and negation of everything else as an object of service and worship, is one of the essential teachings of God-sent apostles.
Suluk and Ibadah
Levels of Worship
The Approach of the Nahj al-Balaghah
The Worship of Freemen
God's Remembrance
Levels of Devotion
Nights of the Devout
The Profile of the Pious
Night Vigils
The Spiritual Experience
Purging of Sins
Moral Remedy
Intimacy and Ecstasy


PART IV - Government and Justice
One of the frequently discussed issues in the Nahj al-Balaghah is that of government and justice.
The Nahj al-Balaghah on State
The Importance of Politics
Justice, a Supreme Value
Indifference to Injustice
Justice should not be Compromised
The Rights of the People
The Church and the Right of Sovereignty
The Approach of the Nahj al-Balaghah
The Rules are the People's Trustees not Their Lords


PART V - Moral Lectures and Aphorisms
Moral and spiritual teachings constitute the greater part of the Nahj al-Balaghah making up almost half of the book.
Inimitable Moral Teaching
A Comparison
Spiritual Counsel and Wisdom
Maw'izah and Khitabah (Exhortation and Oratory)
The Nahj al-Balaghah's Recurring Themes
The Themes in Spiritual Advices
'Ali's Logic
Taqwa
Taqwa is Immunity not Restraint
Taqwa as Immunity
A Reciprocal Commitment
Zuhd and Piety
Islamic Zuhd and Christian Asceticism
Two Questions
The Three Essential Principles
The Zahid and the Monk
Zuhd and Altruism
Sympathy and Kindness
Zuhd and Freedom
Zuhd and Spirituality (Zuhd, Love and Worship)
The Contradiction Between the World and the Hereafter
Zuhd: Minimum of Intake for Maximum Output


PART VI - The World and Worldliness
Of the frequent themes of the Nahj al-balaghah is strong warning against the dangers of worldliness.
Renunciation in the Nahj al-Balaghah
The Danger Created by War Booty
The Intoxication of Affluence
The General Aspect of 'Ali's Warnings
The Terminology of Every School
The 'World' that is Condemned
The Relation Between Man and the World
The Logic of Islam
'The World' in the Qur'an and the Nahj al-Balaghah
Freedom and Bondage
The Existentialist Viewpoint
Does Evolution Involve Self-Alienation?
Forgetting and Losing the Self
The Discovery of the Self and of God
Worship and the Rediscovery of the Self
Some Relevant Issues
The World Versus the Hereafter
The Primary and the Secondary
A Tradition