Nahjul Balagha Sermons


Sermon 1
In this sermon he recalls the creation of the Earth and the Sky and the birth of Adam.

Sermon 2
Delivered on return from Siffeen

Sermon 3
The sermon of Shiqshiqayya

Sermon 4
Ameerul Momineen's far-sightedness and his staunch conviction in belief

Sermon 5
Delivered when the Prophet (a.s.) died and Abbas and Abu Sufian bin Harb offered to pay allegiance to Ameerul Momineen for the Caliphate

Sermon 6
Delivered on being advised not to chase Talha and Zubair for fighting

Sermon 7
About the hypocrites

Sermon 8
Said about Zubair at a time for which it was appropriate

Sermon 9
Cowardice of the people of Jamal

Sermon 10
About Talha and Zubair

Sermon 11
Delivered when in the Battle of Jamal, Imam gave the standard to his son Muhammed bin Hanifiah.

Sermon 12
When Allah gave him victory over the enemy at Jamal one of his comrades said on that occasion if such and such brother had been present, then he too would have seen what success and victory Allah had given, whereupon Imam delivered this sermon.

Sermon 13
Condemning the people of Basra

Sermon 14
This is also in condemnation of the people of Basra

Sermon 15
Given after resuming the land grants made by Uthman ibn `Affan.

Sermon 16
Delivered when allegiance was sworn to him at Medina

Sermon 17
About those who sit for dispensation of justice among people but are not fit for it

Sermon 18
Imam said in disparagement of the differences of view among the theologians

Sermon 19
Imam was delivering a lecture on the pulpit when Ash`ath ibn Qays  objected and said, "O' Ameerul Mumineen this thing is not in your favour but against you."  Imam looked at him with anger and
gave this sermon.

Sermon 20
Death and taking lessons from it

Sermon 21
Advice to keep light in this world

Sermon 22
About those who accused him of Uthman's killing

Sermon 23
About keeping aloof from envy, and good behaviour towards kith and kin

Sermon 24
Exhorting people for Jihad

Sermon 25
When Ameerul Mumineen received successive news that Muawiyah's men were occupying cities and his own officers in Yemen namely Ubaydullah ibn Abbas and Said ibn Nimran came to him retreating after being overpowered by Busr ibn Abi Artat, he was much disturbed by the slackness of his own men in jihad and their difference with his opinion. Proceeding on to the pulpit the Imam said these words.

Sermon 26
Arabia before proclamation of Prophethood

Sermon 27
Exhorting people for Jihad

Sermon 28
About the transient nature of this world and importance of the next world

Sermon 29
About those who found pretexts at the time of jihad

Sermon 30
Disclosing real facts about assassination of Uthman

Sermon 31
When before the commencement of the Battle of Jamal Imam sent ibn `Abbas to Zubair  with the purpose that he should advise him back to obedience, Imam said this to him on that occasion.

Sermon 32
About the disparagement of the world and categories of its people

Sermon 33
Abdullah ibn Abbas says when Ameerul Momineen set out for war with the people of Basrah he came to his audience at Dhiqar and saw that he was stitching his shoe. Then Amir al mu'minin said to me, "What is the price of this shoe?" I said: "It has no value now." He then said, "By Allah, it should have been more dear to me than ruling over you but for the fact that I may establish right and ward off wrong." Then he came out and spoke these words.

Sermon 34
To prepare the people for fighting with the people of Syria


Sermon 35
Given after Arbitration

Sermon 36
Warning the people of Nahrawan of their fate

Sermon 37
Ameerul Momineen’s utterance which runs like a Sermon

Sermon 38
About naming of doubt as such and disparagement of those in doubt

Sermon 39
In disparagement of those who shrink from fighting

Sermon 40
Made when Imam heard the cry of Kharijites that "Verdict is only that of Allah"

Sermon 41
In condemnation of treason

Sermon 42
About heart's desires and extended hopes

Sermon 43
After Ameerul Momineen had sent Jarir ibn `Abdillah al-Bajali to Mu`awiyah (for securing his allegiance) some of his companions suggested preparation to fight with him then he delivered this sermon.

Sermon 44
When Masqalah ibn Hubayrah ash-Shaybani fled to Mu`awiyah because he had purchased some prisoners of Banu Najiyah from an executive of Ameerul Momineen, but when he demanded the price the latter avoided and ran to Syria, Ameerul Momineen spoke these words.

Sermon 45
About Allah's greatness and lowliness of this world

Sermon 46
Delivered when Imam decided to march towards Syria

Sermon 47
About calamities befalling Kufa

Sermon 48
Delivered at the time of marching towards Syria

Sermon 49
About Allah's greatness and sublimity

Sermon 50
Admixture of right and wrong

Sermon 51
Given when in Siffeen the men of Muawiya overpowered the men of Ameerul Momineen (A.S.) and occupied the bank of River Euphrates and denied taking its water.

Sermon 52
(This sermon has already appeared earlier but due to the difference between the two versions we have quoted it again here). Its subject is the downfall of the world and reward and punishment in the next world.

Sermon 53
Description of the Day of Sacrifice (Eidul Qurban) and qualities of the animal for sacrifice

Sermon 54
On the swearing of allegiance

Sermon 55
Spoken when Imam’s men showed impatience on his delay in giving them permission to fight in Siffeen.

Sermon 56
About steadiness in the battlefield

Sermon 57
Ameerul Momineen said this to his companions about Muawiyah

Sermon 58
Addressing the Kharijites

Sermon 59
When Ameerul Momineen showed his intention to fight the Kharijites he was told that they had crossed the bridge of Nahrawan and gone over to the other side. Imam delivered this sermon.

Sermon 60
Made when Ameerul Momineen was warned of being killed by deceit

Sermon 61
About the transience of the world

Sermon 62
About decline and destruction of the world

Sermon 63
About Allah's attributes

Sermon 64
In some of the days of Siffin Ameerul Momineen said to his followers about ways of fighting

Sermon 65
When after the death of the Prophet news reached Ameerul Momineen about the happening in Saqifah, he enquired what the Ansars said. People said that they were asking for one chief from among them and one from the others, Ameerul Momineen said these words.

Sermon 66
Delivered when Ameerul Momineen appointed Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr Governor of Egypt and he was overpowered and killed

Sermon 67
Admonishing his companions about careless behaviour

Sermon 68
Spoken on the morning of the day when Imam was fatally struck with sword

Sermon 69
In condemnation of the people of Iraq

Sermon 70
Herein Imam tells people how to pronounce salawat (invoking Divine Supplication) on the Prophet.

Sermon 71
Imam said about Marwan ibn al-Hakam at Basrah. When Marwan was taken on the day of Jamal, he asked Hassan and Hussain (p.b.u.t.) to intercede on his behalf before Imam. So they spoke to Imam about him and he released him. Then they said, "O' Imam he desires to swear you allegiance" Whereupon Imam gave this sermon.

Sermon 72
Given when the people decided to swear allegiance to Uthman

Sermon 73
Made when Imam learnt that the Umayyads blamed him for killing Uthman

Sermon 74
About preaching and counselling

Sermon 75
About Umayyads

Sermon 76
Supplications of Ameerul Momineen

Sermon 77
Before the battle with the Kharijites someone said, "If you set out at this moment then according to astrology I fear you will not be successful in your aim," whereupon the Imam delivered this sermon.

Sermon 78
After the Battle of Jamal, Imam said this concerning women and their shortcomings

Sermon 79
About the way of preaching and counselling

Sermon 80
About the world and its people

Sermon 81
This sermon is called the Gharra and it is one of the most wonderful sermons of Imam.

Sermon 82
About Amr bim A’as

Sermon 83
About the perfection of Allah and counselling

Sermon 84
About getting ready for the next world and following Allah's commandments

Sermon 85
The Qualities of a faithful believer

Sermon 86
About the division of the community into factions

Sermon 87
About the Holy Prophet

Sermon 88
Allah's attributes and some advice

Sermon 89
This sermon is known as the Sermon of Skeletons (Khutba-e-Ashbah) and it is one of the high ranking sermons of Imam. He delivered it in reply to someone who asked him to describe Allah in such a way as though to see Him with eyes. Imam got angry at this and then delivered this speech.

Sermon 90
Given when people chose to swear allegiance at Imam’s hand after the murder of Uthman

Sermon 91
About the annihilation of the Kharijites, the mischief mongering of Umayyads and the vastness of his own knowledge

Sermon 92
Allah's praise and eulogy of the prophets

Sermon 93
About the condition of the people at the time of the Prophet's proclamation and his actions to do with the dissemination of his message

Sermon 94
In eulogy of the Holy Prophet

Sermon 95
Admonishing his own companions

Sermon 96
Oppression of the Umayyads

Sermon 97
About abstinence of the world and vicissitudes of time

Sermon 98
About the Holy Prophet and his Descendants

Sermon 99
About the vicissitudes of time

Sermon 100
On the subject of the Day of Judgement

Sermon 101
About abstemiousness and fear of Allah

Sermon 102
This sermon has been quoted before, however with a different narration. About the condition of the people before the proclamation of prophethood and the Prophet's performance in spreading his message.

Sermon 103
In eulogy of the Holy Prophet

Sermon 104
About Islam

Sermon 105
Delivered during one of the days of Siffin

Sermon 106
It is one of the sermons about the vicissitudes of time:

Sermon 107
About the Might of Allah

Sermon 108
About Islam

Sermon 109
Caution about this world

Sermon 110
About the Angel of Death and departure of the spirit

Sermon 111
About this world and its people

Sermon 112
About abstemiousness, fear of Allah and importance of providing for the next life

Sermon 113
Seeking rain

Sermon 114
About troubles which would arise and the Day of Judgement

Sermon 115
Rebuking Misers

Sermon 116
In praise of his faithful companions

Sermon 117
Imam collected the people and exhorted them to jihad but they observed long silence. Then he said: "What is the matter with you. Have you become dumb?" A group of them replied: "O' Ameerul Momineen if you go forth we shall be with you." Whereupon Imam gave this sermon.

Sermon 118
About the greatness of Ahlu'l-bayt and the importance of the laws of Islam

Sermon 119
A man from among the Imam’s companions stood up and said, "You first stopped us from Arbitration and then gave order for it. We do not know which of these two was more appropriate." Ameerul Momineen struck one hand over the other and said these words.

Sermon 120
When Kharijites persisted rejecting Arbitration, Imam went and addressed them

Sermon 121
Ameerul Momineen’s address to his followers on the battlefield of Siffin.

Sermon 122
To exhort his followers to fight

Sermon 123
About the Kharijites and their opinion on Arbitration

Sermon 124
Said when Ameerul Momineen was spoken ill of for showing equality in the distribution (of shares from the public Treasury)

Sermon 125
About the Kharjites

Sermon 126
About important happenings in Basrah

Sermon 127
About measure and weights

Sermon 128
Delivered when Abu Dharr was exiled towards Rabazah

Sermon 129
Grounds for accepting the Caliphate and the qualities of a ruler and governor

Sermon 130
Warning about death and counselling

Sermon 131
On the Glory of Allah

Sermon 132
Delivered when Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab consulted Ameerul Momineen about himself, taking part in the march towards Rome (Byzantine Empire ).

Sermon 133
There was some exchange of words between Uthman ibn `ffan and Imam when Mughirah bin Akhnas said to Uthman he would deal with Imam on his behalf whereupon Imam said these words

Sermon 134
About the sincerity of his own intention and support of the oppressed

Sermon 135
About Talha and Zubair

Sermon 136
Referring to events in the future

Sermon 137
On the occasion of the Consultative Committee

Sermon 138
About backbiting and speaking ill of others

Sermon 139
Against reliance on heresy

Sermon 140
About misplaced generosity

Sermon 141
Praying for rain

Sermon 142
Deputation of Prophets

Sermon 143
About this world

Sermon 144
Spoken when Umar ibn al-Khattab consulted Imam about taking part in the battle of Persia.

Sermon 145
The purpose of the deputation of the Holy Prophet and the condition of the time when people would go against the Qur'an

Sermon 146
About Talhah and az-Zubayr and the people of Basrah

Sermon 147
Before passing away

Sermon 148
About future events

Sermon 149
The condition of the people during disorder, and advice against oppression and unlawful earning

Sermon 150
About the greatness and the attributes of Allah

Sermon 151
About negligent persons and the characteristics of beasts, carnivores and women

Sermon 152
About the Ahlu'l-bayt (of the Holy Prophet) and their opposers

Sermon 153
About the wonderful creation of the bat

Sermon 154
Warning the people of Basrah about what was to occur

Sermon 155
Urging people towards Piety (taqwa)

Sermon 156
About the Holy Prophet and the Holy Qur'an

Sermon 157
Good behaviour with people and ignoring their faults

Sermon 158
Praise of Allah

Sermon 159
Deputation of the Holy Prophet

Sermon 160
In reply to one of Imam's companions (from Banu Asad) who asked him: "How was it that your tribe (Quraysh) deprived you of this position (Caliphate) although you deserved it most."

Sermon 161
Attributes of Allah

Sermon 162
When people went to Ameerul Momineen in a deputation and complained to him through what they had to say against Uthman, and requested him to speak to him on their behalf and to admonish him for their sake, he went to see him and gave this sermon.

Sermon 163
Describing the wonderful creation of the peacock.

Sermon 164
Advice for observing courtesy and kindness and keeping in and out of the same

Sermon 165
At the beginning of his Caliphate:

Sermon 166
After swearing allegiance to Imam, some companions of the Prophet said to him, "You should punish the people who assaulted Uthman," whereupon he spoke these words

Sermon 167
When the people of Jamal set off for Basrah Ameerul Momineen said:

Sermon 168
When Imam approached Basrah an Arab met him and spoke to him, as he had been sent to him by a group of people of Basrah to enquire from him on their behalf position regarding the people of Jamal. Imam explained to him his position with respect to them, from which he was convinced that Imam was in the right. Then Imam asked him to swear allegiance, but he replied "I am just a message carrier of a people and shall not do anything until I get back to them." Upon this Imam delivered this sermon.

Sermon 169
Spoken when Ameerul Momineen decided to fight the enemy face to face at Siffin

Sermon 170
About the Consultative Committee and the Battle of Jamal

Sermon 171
On eligibility for the Caliphate

Sermon 172
About Talha ibn `Ubaydillah.

Sermon 173
Warning to neglectful people, and about the vastness of his own knowledge

Sermon 174
Preaching

Sermon 175
About the two arbiters (after the battle of Siffin)

Sermon 176
Praise of Allah, transience of this world, and causes of the decline of Allah's blessings. (Delivered at the beginning of his caliphate after the killing of `Uthman)

Sermon 177
Dhi`lib al-Yamani asked Imam whether he had seen Allah, he replied, "Do I worship one whom I have not seen?" Then he enquired, "How have you seen Him?" Imam replied thus.

Sermon 178
Condemning his disobedient men

Sermon 179
Imam sent one of his men to bring him news about a group of the army of Kufa who had decided to join the Kharijites but were afraid of him. When the man came back Imam said to him: "Are they satisfied and staying or feeling weak and going astray?" The man replied, "They have gone away, O' Ameerul Momineen" Then Imam said these words

Sermon 180
It has been related by Nawf al-Bikali that Imam a.s.) delivered this sermon at Kufa standing on a stone which Ja`dah ibn Hubayrah al-Makhzumi had placed for him. Imam had a woollen apparel on his body, the belt of his sword was made of leaves, and the sandals on his feet too were of palm leaves. His forehead had a hardened spot like that a camel (on its knee).

Sermon 181
Praise of Allah for His bounties

Sermon 182
One of the Kharijites al-Burj ibn Mus'hir at-Ta'i raised the slogan, "Command behoves only Allah" in such a way that Ameerul Momineen heard it. On hearing it he delivered this sermon

Sermon 183
Praise of Allah and His wonderful creatures

Sermon 184
About Oneness of Allah, containing principles of knowledge which no other sermon contains

Sermon 185
Regarding the vicissitudes of time (The mischiefs that are to occur and the absence of lawful ways of livelihood)

Sermon 186
Allah's favours

Sermon 187
Steadfast and transient belief

Sermon 188
Importance of fear of Allah, desolateness of the grave, and about the death of the lover of Ahlu'l-bayt being like that of a martyr

Sermon 189
Praise of Allah

Sermon 190
Known as "Khutbah al-Qasi`ah" (Sermon of Disparagement). (It comprises disparagement of Satan for his vanity and his refusing to prostrate before Adam and his being the first to display bigotry and act through vanity; it comprises warning to people treading in Satan's path)

Sermon 191
It is related that a companion of Imam called Hammam (a man devoted to worship) said to him, "O' Imam, describe to me the pious man in such a way as though I see them." Imam avoided the reply and said, "O' Hammam, fear Allah and perform good acts because 'Verily, Allah is with those who guard (against evil), and those who do good '" (Quran, 16:128). Hammam was not satisfied with this and pushed him to speak. Thereupon, Imam praised Allah and extolled Him and sought His blessings on the Holy Prophet and then spoke these words.

Sermon 192
About the hypocrites

Sermon 193
Allah's praise, advice about fear of Allah and details about the Day of Judgement

Sermon 194
The condition of the world at the time of the proclamation of prophethood, the transience of this world and the state of its inhabitants.

Sermon 195
Amir al-mu'minin's attachment to the Holy Prophet. The performance of his funeral rites

Sermon 196
Allah's attribute of Omniscience

Sermon 197
Containing advice given by Ameerul Momineen to his companions.

Sermon 198
Treason and treachery of Mu`awiyah and the fate of those guilty of treason

Sermon 199
One should not be afraid of the scarcity of those who tread on the right path

Sermon 200
What Ameerul Momineen said on the occasion of the burial of Bibi Fatima (pbuh) while addressing the Holy Prophet at his grave.

Sermon 201
Transience of this world, and importance of collecting provisions for the next life.

Sermon 202
What Ameerul Momineen said generally to his companions

Sermon 203
After swearing allegiance to Imam, Talhah and az-Zubayr complained to him that he had not consulted them or sought their assistance in the affairs (of state). Ameerul Momineen replied with these words

Sermon 204
Spoken when during the battle of Siffin Imam heard some of his men abusing the Syrians

Sermon 205
In the battle of Siffin Imam saw Imam al-Hasan proceeding rapidly to fight, then he said these words

Sermon 206
Delivered when Imam’s companions expressed displeasure about his attitude concerning Arbitration

Sermon 207
Ameerul Momineen went to enquire about the health of his companion Ala bin Ziad-el-Harisi and when he noticed the vastness of his house he gave this sermon

Sermon 208
Spoken when someone asked Ameerul Momineen about concocted traditions and contradictory sayings of the Prophet current among the people

Sermon 209
The greatness of Allah and the creation of the Universe

Sermon 210
About those who give up supporting right

Sermon 211
The Sublimity of Allah and a eulogy of the Prophet

Sermon 212
The Prophet's nobility of descent

Sermon 213
A prayer which Ameerul Momineen often recited

Sermon 214
Delivered at the battle of Siffin.

Sermon 215
About the excesses of the Quraysh

Sermon 216
Delivered when Imam passed by the corpses of Talha and Abdur Rahman bin Attab bin Asid who were both killed in the battle of Jamal

Sermon 217
Qualities of the God-fearing and the pious

Sermon 218
Imam recited this verse: Engage (your) vying in exuberance, until you come to the graves. (Quran, 102:1-2). Then he said these words

Sermon 219
Delivered after reciting the verse: “therein declare glory unto Him in the mornings and evenings; Men whom neither merchandise nor any sale diverts from remembrance of Allah and constancy in prayer and paying the poor-rate; they fear the day when hearts and eyes shall writhe of the anguish. (Quran, 24:36-37)

Sermon 220
Ameerul Momineen recited the verse: O man! What has beguiled you from your Lord, the Most Gracious One. (Quran, 82:6) He then said these words

Sermon 221
About keeping aloof from oppression and misappropriation. `Aqil's condition of poverty and destitution

Sermon 222
Supplication

Sermon 223
Transience of the world and the helplessness of those in graves

Sermon 224
Supplication

Sermon 225
About a companion who passed away from this world before the occurrence of troubles

Sermon 226
About allegiance to Imam for the Caliphate. A similar sermon has already appeared earlier.

Sermon 227
Advice about fear of Allah, and an account of those who remain apprehensive of death and adopt abstemiousness

Sermon 228
Imam delivered this sermon at Dhiqar on his way to Basrah, about the Holy Prophet

Sermon 229
Abdullah bin Zamaah who was one of the followers of Ameerul Momineen came to him during his Caliphate to ask for some money when Ameerul Momineen gave this sermon

Sermon 230
On Ja`dah ibn Hubayrah al-Makhzumi's inability to deliver a sermon. About speaking the truth

Sermon 231
Dhi`lib Yamami related from Ahmad bin Qutaybah, and he from Abdullah bin Yazid and he from Malik bin Dihyah who said, "We were with Ameerul Momineen when discussion arose about the differences of men (in features and conduct) and then Imam spoke this.

Sermon 232
Spoken when Imam was busy in the funeral ablution of the Holy Prophet and shrouding him

Sermon 233
In this sermon Imam has related his own condition after the Prophet's immigration till his meeting with him.

Sermon 234
About collecting provision for the next world while in this world and performing good acts before death

Sermon 235
About the two arbitrators (Abu Musa al-Ash`ari and Amr bin A’as) and disparagement of the people of Syria

Sermon 236
Ameerul Momineen describes herein members of the Prophet's family

Sermon 237
When Uthman was surrounded, Abdullah ibn Abbas brought a letter to Imam from Uthman in which he expressed the desire that Imam should leave for his estate Yanbu so that the proposal that was being mooted out for him to become caliph should subside. Uthman had this request earlier also. Upon this Imam said these words to Ibne Abbas

Sermon 238
Exhorting his men to jihad